The theoretical hydropower potential depicted in the map
prepresents a calculation based on the topography and precipitation in the countries, and is the amount power that could be extracted if all run-off was turbined down to the lowest level of the specified country (sea-level).While this potential could not be fully realized for political and practical reasons, the use of hydrokinetic technology would allow a fuller realization because it would avoid the many problems involved with the dams needed by conventional hydropower, including increased evaporation, silting, and impairment of migrating fish runs.
Countries such as France, which derives much of its current electricity from aging nuclear power plants, would be clear beneficiaries of distributed hydropower. Hydrovolts has had multiple purchase inquiries from Turkey, as well as several requests to locally manufacture and distribute the Flipwing turbine.
The European Union has a 2020 target of a 20% Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) and are on track to make it. Not all countries will achieve the target individually. Italy for one will need help, but it looks like hydropower could make the difference!
Update: Replaced graphic with higher-resolution version